NanoBiC - IntroductionThe understanding of structure formation on the scale from about one nanometer to one micron by the local application of energy, mainly by focused particle beams, is a fundamental element in our desire to control this structure formation to the highest possible degree, as well as gaining a better understanding of their functional properties. The challenge of coping with such a multi-scale problem, including microscopic and mesoscopic length scales and time scales from ultrafast, such as non-equilibrium processes occurring in femtoseconds, to relatively slow, such as growth and relaxation processes requiring nanoseconds or even microseconds or electrophysiological processes on time scales of milliseconds to seconds, can only be mastered with a broad basis of different experimental and theoretical methods. On the one hand, this comprises the development of new theoretical approaches which show reliable scaling behavior and the application of established state-of-the-art methods for a proper description of the relevant vibronic and electronic degrees of freedom when molecules are organized to larger complexes. On the other hand, close collaboration between theoretical and experimental groups is mandatory to put the developed theoretical concepts to test. NanoBiC1 is a research collaboration which is dedicated to studying these formation processes and the properties of the ensuing nanostructures in selected areas of materials and life sciences, both theoretically and experimentally. In a highly interdisciplinary approach NanoBiC brings together such disciplines as preparative, analytical and theoretical chemistry, experimental and theoretical solid state physics, materials science, biophysics and biology. The projects defined within NanoBiC are based on the respective expertises of the collaborating principal investigators but have an appreciable explorative component. These projects are chosen with a prospect for being developable into new avenues for the adequate control of structure formation and, consequently, an enhanced capability for tuning the properties of the formed structures towards a desired functionality. In the medium term it is the explicit intention of NanoBiC to spur further collaborative research initiatives, such as DFG research units2 or Collaborative Research Centers3, based on the results obtained within the collaboration. NanoBiC is designed with a long term perspective and a high degree of flexibility, within its guiding topic as expressed in its title, for taking up promising new ideas and concluding such projects which are less successful. It is hoped that NanoBiC can thus develop into a promoter of exciting new initiatives in the area of interdisciplinary nanotechnology research by defining a well-balanced composition of high-risk and visionary subjects with long-term perspective and short- to medium-term projects with a more predictable outcome.
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Druckversion: 20. April 2011, 12:15